The hemp plant, cultivated some 6000 years ago in today's China, produces more than 400 organic substances. Basically, two molecular groups with bioactive ingredients can be summarized: terpene and cannabinoids - CBD is part of the second group.
Cannabinoids dock to receptors of the humanoid endocannabinoid system (ECS). These "docking points" can be found in the brain and spinal cord. They regulate perception, ability to concentrate, memory and movement. With the help of endorphins we also produce cannabinoid-like substance.
The major cannabinoids are THC, CBD and CBG. They vary in their chemical profile and properties. As a psychoactive or "high-making" substance of cannabis, the tetrahydrocannabiol (THC) is well known. The non-psychoactive ingredient cannabidiol (CBD) is becoming more and more the center of attraction, as it can bond to more receptor systems than the THC.
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